MO and Dillard Mill
Missouri Historic Towns and Villages
Footprints of the past come alive ~ Visit
these historic towns and villages during your Missouri Vacation
a directory of Lodging, Bed and Breakfast Inns, Hotels, Cabins,
Cottages and Campgrounds near Caledonia and Dillard Mill State
Historic Site, please click
of our fine hosts are ready to help plan your Missouri history
tour in our region.
1895 Map of The Black River Recreation Area and Arcadia
Caledonia, Missouri ~ History
and Landmarks, Washington County, MO
Take a step back in time to a place that has remained virtually
unchanged since the 1800s.
Thomas Flanders traveled to Caledonia in preparation for its
listing in the National Register of Historic Places, he wrote
"The houses, streetscapes, and landscapes they constructed
remain, in great measure unchanged, from the nineteenth century."
village of Caledonia (population in 2000 was 158) is located
in the Bellevue Valley in nearby Washington County. The village
was founded in 1819 by young Alexander Craighead, who opened
a frontier store on Goose Creek and platted the town
of Caledonia around it. Craighead, possessed of impeccable
high Scotch-Irish family credentials, named the town after
the Roman Empire's Latin name for Scotland. The builders of
Caledonia's houses "cleaved to that chaste style of the
early nineteenth century that Thomas Jefferson defined as
proper for the Republic. The families must have been not only
conservative in taste, but singularly devoted to a classical
tradition in keeping with their Latin name, Caledonia (a rare
place name for the United States)." When strolling through
Caledonia, you will see the influence of Greek Revival Style
architecture. Almost every house has a Greek Revival Style
front door entryway.
In 1992, Mr. Flanders continued "Caledonia is different.
It looks different. Most obvious to the visitor perhaps is
that it remains 'unspoiled'. Not only is it free of modern
franchise glitz and roadside 'conveniences', but it retains
in its streets, lots, dwellings and public buildings, its
barns, gardens, fences, walls, yards, and walks, the imprint
of its history. Still evident in its landscape is the intention
of its founders that it be spacious, rational, enlightened,
and Protestant Christian."
Many of these old homes have been lovingly restored and now
serve as antique shops or restaurants.
in Caledonia, visit the Bellevue Presbyterian Cemetery and
the church, the oldest protestant cemetery and church in continuous
use west of the Mississippi River.
Caledonia is located on Hwy. 21, 10 miles north of Elephant
Rocks State Park, at the junction of Hwy. 32.
The Kith and Kin of Caledonia, by Thomas Flanders, Ozarks
Watch, Vol. V, No. 4, Spring 1992
For lodging and accommodations near Caledonia, Missouri click
Mill Historic Site, Missouri
~ MO History and Landmarks
One mile south of Dillard off Highway 49 in Crawford County,
just outside of Davisville
Dillard Mill, located in nearby Crawford County only a short
drive away, is particularly relevent today in light of our
country's challenge to find renewable energy resources.
We encourage you to visit Dillard Mill Historic Site where
you'll witness first-hand how water was turned in to power
to grind wheat into flour.
A barn-red mill nestled among green trees beside blue waters
rolling over a rock dam create the colorful setting of one
of Missouri's most picturesque historic sites. Completed in
1908, Dillard Mill sits along Huzzah Creek and was the second
mill built at the site. The first, Wisdom's Mill, built in
the 1850s, was destroyed by fire in 1895. Innovations in the
"new, modernized mill" included steel roller mills
for grinding the wheat and a turbine to power the mill. For
years, farmers brought their grain to the mill to be ground
into flour and eventually livestock feed. The mill ceased
operation in 1956.
most of the original machinery is still intact and operational.
A turn of a wheel brings the machinery back to life during
tours of the mill, which are given year-round. (Groups should
contact the site in advance). Picnic sites and a hiking
trail are available at the historic site, which is located
one mile south of Dillard off Highway 49 in Crawford County.
Spring at the old mill, experience an early 1900s picnic.
Sponsored by the Missouri Department
of Natural Resources, the event is free and open to the public.
red, water-powered gristmill and clear Huzzah Creek as a backdrop
and bluegrass music filling the air, guests will truly feel
as if they have stepped back in time at this annual picnic.
Featured activities include old-time demonstrations, storytelling,
spinning and weaving, blacksmithing, quilting, pottery making,
horseshoeing, flintknapping, soap making, beading and rope
making. Food and drink will be available to purchase. The
first floor of the mill will be open with staff available
to answer questions. This event recalls the town picnics
held in nearly all small towns during the time period of 1900
until the late 1930s.
to make your lodging
reservations for this delightful Spring event.
lodging and accommodations near Dillard Mill and Dillard, Missouri
on the History Tour, read about the Missouri Civil War
Click here to learn about the important
roll the Arcadia Valley and Black River Region played in shaping
the outcome of the war. Take a Missouri Civil War tour
of our region and learn about the Battle of Pilot Knob at Fort
Davidson, Fort Barnesville, and how Missouri became embroiled
in the conflict.
American History in Missouri & De Soto in 1541
Native American history in the Arcadia Valley Region, Black
River Recreation Area goes back to the Paleo-Indians, the ancient
peoples of the Americas who were present at the end of the last
ice age. They camped and hunted along Ozark rivers, perhaps
as long as 12,000 to 14,000 years ago.